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Do Gophers Eat Chickens?




No, gophers do not eat chickens.Gophers are primarily herbivores and their diet consists mainly of plants, roots, and tubers. While they can cause significant damage to gardens, lawns, and crops, they do not pose a direct threat to chickens. However, they can indirectly cause issues for chicken owners by digging tunnels and burrows, which can compromise the structural integrity of chicken coops and runs. In this blog post, we will explore the various aspects of gopher behavior, their diet, and how they can indirectly impact chickens, as well as ways to prevent and control gopher infestations.

What are gophers?

Basic facts about gophers

Gophers, also known as pocket gophers, are small burrowing rodents that belong to the family Geomyidae. They are native to North and Central America and are primarily found in grasslands, agricultural lands, and gardens. Gophers are characterized by their powerful forelimbs, which they use for digging, and their large, curved claws. They have small eyes, poor vision, and a keen sense of smell, which they use to locate food sources.

Gopher behavior and habitat

Gophers are solitary animals that live in complex networks of underground burrows and tunnels. They are extremely territorial and will aggressively defend their burrow system against intruders. Gophers are most active during the day, but they rarely venture out of their burrows, preferring instead to forage for food underground.

Gopher diet: What do gophers eat?

As mentioned earlier, gophers are primarily herbivores. Their diet consists mainly of plant material, including roots, tubers, bulbs, and other underground parts of plants. They have also been known to eat the occasional insect or earthworm. Some of the most common plants that gophers feed on include alfalfa, dandelions, clover, and various types of grasses.

Gophers and agriculture

Gophers can cause significant damage to agricultural lands and gardens. They can destroy crops by eating the roots and tubers of plants, as well as by tunneling through the soil and disrupting the root systems of plants. This can lead to reduced crop yields, as well as the loss of valuable topsoil due to erosion.

Gopher burrows and tunnels

Gophers create extensive burrow systems that can extend up to 800 feet in length and reach depths of up to six feet. These burrows not only provide shelter and protection for the gopher, but also serve as a means of transportation and a place to store food.

The impact of gopher burrows on chicken coops

While gophers do not pose a direct threat to chickens, their burrow systems can indirectly cause problems for chicken owners. The tunnels and burrows created by gophers can compromise the structural integrity of chicken coops, runs, and fencing, potentially allowing predators to gain access to the chickens. In addition, gopher burrows can create uneven ground, which can lead to injuries for chickens and make it difficult to maintain a clean and sanitary environment in the coop.

Gopher control: How to protect your chickens from gophers

Although gophers do not eat chickens, it is still important for chicken owners to take steps to protect their flock from the indirect threats posed by gopher infestations. The following are some ways to prevent and control gophers in your yard and around your chicken coop:

Fencing and barriers

One of the most effective ways to prevent gophers from entering your yard and getting close to your chicken coop is to install a gopher-proof fence or barrier. This can be achieved by burying a 24-inch tall piece of hardware cloth below the ground, with at least 12 inches extending above the ground. This will prevent gophers from digging under the fence and gaining access to your yard.

Trapping and removal

Trapping is another effective method for controlling gopher populations. There are several types of gopher traps available, including live traps, kill traps, and gas traps. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using any type of trap and to check local regulations regarding the trapping and removal of gophers.

Repellents and deterrents

There are also various gopher repellents and deterrents available on the market, including granular repellents, sonic devices, and castor oil-based products. These can be used in conjunction with other control methods to help keep gophers away from your yard and chicken coop.

Encouraging natural predators

Another way to help control gopher populations is to encourage the presence of their natural predators, such as snakes, birds of prey, and certain types of mammals. This can be done by providing suitable habitat for these predators, such as tall grasses, brush piles, and nesting boxes.

Conclusion: Do gophers eat chickens?

In conclusion, while gophers do not eat chickens, they can indirectly cause issues for chicken owners by digging tunnels and burrows that can compromise the structural integrity of chicken coops and runs. To protect your chickens from the indirect threats posed by gophers, it is important to implement gopher control measures such as fencing and barriers, trapping and removal, repellents and deterrents, and encouraging natural predators. Here are 10 key facts about gophers and their impact on chickens:

1.Gophers are primarily herbivoresand do not eat chickens.
2. They are known for theirpowerful forelimbsand large, curved claws used for digging.
3. Gophers aresolitary animalsthat live in complex burrow systems.
4. Their diet consists mainly ofplant material, roots, and tubers.
5. Gophers can cause significant damage toagricultural lands and gardens.
6. Gopher burrows can extend up to800 feet in lengthand reach depths of up to six feet.
7. Gopher tunnels can compromise the structural integrity ofchicken coops, runs, and fencing.
8. Gopher-proof fencing or barriers can help prevent gophers from entering your yard and getting close to your chicken coop.
9. Trapping, repellents, and deterrents can also be effective methods for controlling gopher populations.
10. Encouraging the presence of natural predators, such as snakes and birds of prey, can help control gopher populations.


Will chickens eat dead gophers?

Chickens are known to eat small animals such as mice and insects, but it is unlikely that they would eat a dead gopher.

What rodent kills chickens?

The most common rodent that kills chickens is the rat.

How do you tell what killed my chickens?

To determine the cause of death of your chickens, you should perform a post-mortem examination or necropsy. This involves examining the bird’s body for any signs of disease, trauma, or other abnormalities. It is recommended to seek the help of a veterinarian or poultry expert to perform a proper necropsy and provide an accurate diagnosis.

How do I permanently get rid of gophers?

The most effective and permanent way to get rid of gophers is to use traps or underground fencing. Poison baits and repellents may provide temporary relief, but they are not a long-term solution and can harm other animals. It is also important to remove any attractants, such as food sources or shelter, from your property.

What brings gophers to your yard?

Gophers are attracted to yards that have loose soil, abundant vegetation, and a source of water.

Is it good to have gophers in your yard?

It depends on personal preference and the specific situation. Gophers can help aerate soil and improve drainage, but they can also damage plants and create unsightly mounds. If their presence becomes problematic, it may be necessary to take measures to control or remove them.

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