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Do Gophers Eat Mice?




The straightforward answer to this question is:no, gophers do not eat mice. Gophers are herbivores, which means that they primarily consume plant material. However, they may ingest insects or small invertebrates accidentally while feeding on plants. Now that we’ve cleared that up, let’s dive deeper into the world of gophers and explore their habits, dietary preferences, and how they affect their environment.

What are Gophers?

The Pocket Gopher

Gophers, also known as pocket gophers, are small, burrowing rodents native to North and Central America. They are named after their cheek pouches, which are fur-lined pockets that they use to carry food and nesting materials. Gophers are well-adapted to their underground lifestyle, with strong front legs and large claws that are perfect for digging.

Physical Characteristics

Gophers are generally small, measuring about 5 to 14 inches in length, including their short, hairy tails. They have small eyes and ears, which are adapted to their subterranean environment. Gophers have a keen sense of touch, which helps them navigate their dark surroundings. Their fur color can vary, but it is typically brown, gray, or black.

Habitat and Range

Pocket gophers are found throughout much of North and Central America, with their range extending from southern Canada to Panama. They inhabit a wide variety of habitats, including grasslands, forests, and agricultural fields. Gophers prefer areas with loose, well-drained soil that is easy to dig.

Gopher Diet

Plant-based Diet

As herbivores, gophers primarily consume plant material, such as roots, tubers, bulbs, and leaves. Some of their favorite foods include alfalfa, dandelions, and various grasses. Gophers have been known to cause significant damage to gardens and agricultural fields due to their voracious appetite for plant material.

Accidental Insect Consumption

While gophers do not actively hunt or eat insects, they may accidentally ingest them while feeding on plants. This is not a significant part of their diet, and gophers do not rely on insects as a source of nutrition.

How Gophers Affect Their Environment


Gophers are known for their extensive burrow systems, which can span up to 2,000 square feet. These burrows provide gophers with shelter from predators, as well as a place to store food and raise their young. However, their digging habits can also have negative effects on their environment.

Soil Aeration and Mixing

The digging habits of gophers can have some positive effects on the soil. Their burrowing activities help to aerate the soil, which can promote the growth of plants. Additionally, gophers mix different layers of soil, which can help redistribute nutrients and improve overall soil quality.

Damage to Plants and Crops

Unfortunately, gophers can also cause significant damage to plants and crops. As they feed on plant roots, they can kill or weaken the plants. Gophers can be particularly problematic for farmers, as they can cause significant crop losses in agricultural fields. Homeowners may also find gopher damage in their lawns and gardens.

Gopher Predators

Natural Predators

Gophers have several natural predators, including hawks, owls, snakes, and coyotes. These predators help to control gopher populations, preventing them from becoming too numerous and causing excessive damage to plants and crops.

Human Intervention

In areas where gophers are considered pests, humans may also attempt to control their populations. This can be done through the use of traps, poison, or by introducing natural predators, such as snakes or birds of prey.

Common Gopher Misconceptions

Gophers vs. Ground Squirrels

Gophers are often confused with ground squirrels, which are another type of burrowing rodent. However, ground squirrels are generally larger than gophers and have a more omnivorous diet, which can include insects, small vertebrates, and plant material. Ground squirrels are also more likely to be seen above ground, as they do not spend as much time in their burrows as gophers do.

Gophers and the Spread of Disease

Some people believe that gophers can spread diseases, such as hantavirus or plague. However, these diseases are more commonly associated with other rodents, such as deer mice and prairie dogs. While it is possible for gophers to carry fleas that could transmit diseases, it is not a common occurrence.


In conclusion,gophers do not eat mice, as they are herbivores that primarily feed on plant material. Gophers are small, burrowing rodents that can have both positive and negative effects on their environment. Their burrowing activities can help aerate and mix the soil, but they can also cause significant damage to plants and crops.

Here are 10 facts about gophers to remember:

1.Gophers are herbivores, meaning they primarily consume plant material.
2. They are also known aspocket gophersdue to their fur-lined cheek pouches.
3. Gophers are native toNorth and Central America.
4. They inhabit a wide variety of habitats, includinggrasslands, forests, and agricultural fields.
5. Gophers havestrong front legs and large clawsthat are adapted for digging.
6. Their burrow systems can span up to2,000 square feet.
7. Gophers can cause significant damage toplants and cropsby feeding on their roots.
8. They have several natural predators, includinghawks, owls, snakes, and coyotes.
9. Gophers are often confused withground squirrels, which are a different type of burrowing rodent with a more omnivorous diet.
10. Gophers are not commonly associated with the spread of diseases, such ashantavirus or plague.


What do farmers do about gophers?

Farmers use various methods to control gophers, including trapping, poisoning, and fumigation. Some also use natural predators such as owls and snakes to keep gopher populations in check.

How do I get rid of gophers in my field?

There are several methods for getting rid of gophers in a field, including trapping, flooding their burrows, using repellents, and using carbon monoxide gas. It is important to choose a method that is safe and effective for your specific situation, and to take steps to prevent future gopher infestations. Consulting with a pest control professional may also be helpful.

Does a gopher eat meat?

No, gophers are herbivores and primarily eat roots, bulbs, and other plant material.

How do I get rid of gophers in my acreage?

There are several methods to get rid of gophers in your acreage, including trapping, using repellents, and using poison baits. Trapping is the most effective and humane method, while repellents and poison baits can be harmful to other wildlife and pets. It is best to consult with a professional pest control service to determine the most appropriate and safe method for your specific situation.

Are gophers good for anything?

Gophers are important for aerating soil, creating burrows that provide habitat for other animals, and serving as a food source for predators such as snakes and birds of prey. However, they can also cause damage to crops and gardens, making them a nuisance for farmers and gardeners.

What’s the fastest way to get rid of gophers?

The fastest way to get rid of gophers is by using traps or poison baits specifically designed for gophers. However, it is important to follow all safety instructions and local regulations when using these methods.

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